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Holguin Made Omissions, but a Change Is Needed

united nations cyprus

Jacovides argues a change is needed in addressing the Cyprus situation due to historical omissions and a focus on strategic interests over communal harmony. He emphasizes the importance of acknowledging UN resolutions, rectifying past constitutional pitfalls, and adopting a democratic model for a peaceful and prosperous future.

Why is a change needed in addressing the Cyprus situation according to Kyriacos Jacovides?

Kyriacos Jacovides argues that a change is needed in addressing the Cyprus situation due to historical omissions and a focus on strategic interests over communal harmony. He stresses the importance of acknowledging UN resolutions, rectifying past constitutional pitfalls, and adopting a democratic model that values equality and unity over ethnic divisions, for a peaceful and prosperous future for Cyprus.

A Call for Acknowledgment of UN Resolutions

Kyriacos Jacovides, a voice of political science and journalism, has raised concerns regarding the open letter penned by Maria Angela Holguin, the outgoing United Nations envoy. Jacovides points out the absence of reference to the multiple United Nations resolutions concerning Cyprus. These omissions not only overlook the weight of international law but also neglect the historical context of the island’s division. Cyprus has experienced an unwarranted invasion by Turkey, resulting in a prolonged occupation of almost forty percent of its territory. This occupation has seen the introduction of numerous settlers from Turkey and has led to significant geopolitical tensions in the region.

The international law is unambiguous; colonization by another nation is a flagrant violation. Despite this, there has been an enhancement of Turkey’s military footprint on the island, with the establishment of bases that serve to further entrench its presence. Yet, Holguin’s letter urges Cypriots to unite in the pursuit of a secure future while seemingly disregarding the role of Turkey—a major player in the ongoing situation in the northern, occupied part of Cyprus.

Strategic Interests Over Communal Harmony

Jacovides takes issue with the lack of focus on Turkey’s strategic interests, which have historically overshadowed the welfare of the Turkish Cypriot community. Turkish officials have not disguised their intentions; Cyprus is of strategic importance to Turkey, a fact candidly expressed by former Turkish foreign minister Ahmet Davutoglu. In light of this, Jacovides argues that any resolution efforts must consider the full spectrum of factors at play, including those dating back to the island’s transfer to England in 1878 when Turkey relinquished all claims to Cyprus.

The historical claim was later rekindled through a six-stage plan aimed at the “reconquest” of Cyprus, as devised by Turkish diplomat Nihat Erim. According to Jacovides, five of these stages have already been realized. This context is crucial for understanding the complexity of the negotiations and the importance of a fair and lawful resolution.

Avoiding Past Pitfalls

Reflecting on past attempts at settlement, Jacovides criticizes the 1960 Constitution, equating it to a “bicommunal confederation” that sowed the seeds of discord rather than unity. This structure, which necessitated mutual agreement between the Greek Cypriot majority and the Turkish Cypriot minority on governance issues, proved to be untenable. It led to a governmental deadlock and served as a pretext for Turkey’s military interventions.

The lessons from history are clear: systems based on ethnic divisions tend to unravel, as seen in countries like the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and the sectarian strife in Lebanon. Jacovides echoes Holguin’s sentiment that it is essential to move away from such frameworks towards a more democratic model. A system where one person has one vote, and all citizens enjoy equal rights and responsibilities, irrespective of ethnic or religious backgrounds, could be the key to fostering a unified and prosperous Cyprus.

The Road Ahead

In the pursuit of a lasting solution, Jacovides concurs with the necessity to think differently and look beyond failed methodologies. A fresh approach that embraces simple, democratic principles and encourages collaboration based on political and ideological rather than ethnic lines may pave the way for a stable and unified future. As the international community continues to watch the developments, the hope is that all involved parties will commit to a path that leads to peace and equality for the people of Cyprus.

With the international spotlight on this Mediterranean island once again, the decisions made in the coming months could be a turning point in this long-standing conflict. The report to be submitted by the United Nations envoy and the subsequent actions by the international community will be closely scrutinized for their alignment with the principles of justice and the aspirations of all Cypriots for a harmonious and undivided homeland.

What does Kyriacos Jacovides argue is the need for change in addressing the Cyprus situation?

Kyriacos Jacovides argues that a change is needed in addressing the Cyprus situation due to historical omissions and a focus on strategic interests over communal harmony. He emphasizes the importance of acknowledging UN resolutions, rectifying past constitutional pitfalls, and adopting a democratic model for a peaceful and prosperous future for Cyprus.

Why is the acknowledgment of UN resolutions important in addressing the Cyprus situation?

The acknowledgment of UN resolutions is crucial in addressing the Cyprus situation because it highlights the weight of international law and historical context. It reminds all parties involved of the violations that have occurred, such as the unwarranted invasion by Turkey resulting in a prolonged occupation of almost forty percent of Cyprus’s territory. Ignoring UN resolutions can lead to further entrenchment of the occupation and geopolitical tensions in the region.

What historical context does Kyriacos Jacovides provide regarding Turkey’s strategic interests in Cyprus?

Kyriacos Jacovides highlights the historical context of Turkey’s strategic interests in Cyprus, dating back to the island’s transfer to England in 1878. He discusses a six-stage plan aimed at the “reconquest” of Cyprus by Turkey and the strategic importance of Cyprus to Turkey. Jacovides emphasizes the need to consider these historical factors in any resolution efforts for Cyprus.

Why does Kyriacos Jacovides criticize the 1960 Constitution in relation to past attempts at settlement in Cyprus?

Kyriacos Jacovides criticizes the 1960 Constitution in Cyprus because it created a “bicommunal confederation” that led to discord rather than unity. The requirement for mutual agreement between the Greek Cypriot majority and the Turkish Cypriot minority on governance issues proved unworkable and contributed to governmental deadlock and military interventions. Jacovides advocates for moving towards a more democratic model that values equality and unity over ethnic divisions for a prosperous and unified Cyprus.

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